The explosive situation surrounding the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has resulted in significant human cost to both Armenians and Azerbaijanis, with consistent risk of renewed war. The escalation of the conflict in April 2016 – the worst since 1994 – the subsequent ceasefire, and the reestablishment of a significantly more fragile status-quo, highlight the need for a better understanding of the region. The Institute will support research on questions of borders, security, geopolitics, and conflict, as well as internal political, social, and economic dynamics from a wide variety of theoretical, methodological, and analytical backgrounds.