Mediators from France, Russia and the United States "noted with concern that recent provocative statements, inflammatory rhetoric, and possible steps intended to change the...read more
The road to peace will require resolving approaches to several key elements, and determining the order in which these elements are addressed.
|Refugees||Refugees and their return – a roadmap and calendar.
There are nearly 1 million refugees – 300,000 on the Armenian side and 600-700,000 on the Azerbaijani side.
|Security of the people of Karabakh and Demilitarization||Will this be a self-monitored peace, or one that requires international peacekeepers?
Iran would not want US troops so near its border; Armenia and Azerbaijan are unlikely to want Russian troops; European troops are the most likely to be acceptable by the sides of the conflict, but European troops may not be available given current global issues.
|Territories||The Armenian side will not consider Karabakh being within Azerbaijani sovereignty; the Azerbaijani leadership, until very recently, also did not refer to Karabakh under Azerbaijani sovereignty.
The seven territories surrounding the Nagorno Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (region) which is the administrative entity which voted to secede from the Soviet Union, came under Armenian control during the military conflict which ended in 1994. Are those territories to be returned to Azerbaijani sovereignty? What is the roadmap and calendar for that process? Are the two districts which are geographically to the west of Karabakh, that is, between Armenia and Karabakh, in the same category as the other five which lie to the south and east of Karabakh?
|Status of Karabakh / Artsakh||The most difficult and the most important aspect of negotiations is the future status of Karabakh. Karabakh under Azerbaijani sovereignty is a non-starter for the Armenian side. What are the options? And what timetable would be acceptable to the sides?|
Refugees and their return – a roadmap and calendar.
Security of the people of Karabakh and Demilitarization
Will this be a self-monitored peace, or one that requires international peacekeepers?
The Armenian side will not consider Karabakh being within Azerbaijani sovereignty; the Azerbaijani leadership, until very recently, also did not refer to Karabakh under Azerbaijani sovereignty.