A map by Political Geography Now blog.

Vladimir Kolosov and Maria Zotova released a paper on “Multiple Borders of Nagorno-Karabakh” in the first quarter 2020 edition of the journal Geography, Environment, Sustainability, published by the Russian Geographical Society.

According to its abstract, the “paper considers the geopolitical situation of Nagorno-Karabakh through the lenses of its cross-border interactions and bordering. This notion widely used in contemporary border studies means not only border delimitation and management, but also the constant process of change in their functions, regime, and social importance.”

The authors note that “the demarcation line with Azerbaijan remains one of the rare cases of a completely closed border. One of the main and potentially long-term obstacles in finding a solution is the cultivation of the «image of the enemy» on both sides of this border.”

Professor Kolosov is the head of Geopolitical Laboratory in the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Geography in Moscow. Zotova teaches at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University in Kaliningrad, Russia.

In 2010 and again in 2014 Kolosov joined U.S.-based scholars Gerard Toal and John O’Loughlin to conduct field work in Karabakh. Kolosov and Zotova conducted additional field research in September 2019.