The Global Peace Index is produced by the Sydney, Australia-based Institute for Economics and Peace and ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. The peacefulness measures the intensity of both external and domestic conflicts, as well as military spending. 

Armenia and most former Soviet republics rank to the bottom of the the list, with Kazakhstan, Moldova, Kyrgyz Republic and Belarus ranked as the most peaceful, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine and Russia as less so. In other words, according to this rating, at least in the former Soviet space, “peacefulness” does not correlate with either democracy (both Kazakhstan and Belarus are authoritarian states), wealth (Russia is the most affluent in the FSU) or even the recent ethno-territorial and political conflicts (Moldova and Kyrgyz Republic have experienced both).

Overall, Armenia’s peacefulness score in 2019 index declined slightly compared to the previous year, but relative to the rest of the world Armenia’s position improved from 120th to 118th.

The rating also measured the “economic cost of violence” on each country. In that rating, Armenia is estimated to be $733 per capita in 2018 and “economic impact of violence” is estimated to be at about 8% of the Gross Domestic Product. By contrast, impact on Azerbaijan is greater $1,831 per capita and 11 percent of the GDP.